In Iran individuals do not like to show their true feeling and usually censored it. Fiery temper and interference of spouse family were the fourth important divorce cause, that is compatible with the behavioral theory. When men and women begin their shared life, they would have new responsibility toward their spouse.
Sexual problems especially, low sexual desire in women, was one of important cause of divorce.
In Iranian community men have liberty for sexual relation in out of marriage limitation that named temporary marriage sigheh Haeri, This form of marriage that has not any limitation of permanent marriage, is accepted in view of religious and law. In this type of marriage, man and woman often agree privately and verbally to marry each other for a limited period of time, however it is not acceptable in the community.
In our study, cultural difference, psychiatric disease, low sexual desire, adultery, addiction and criminal or smuggling behavior were significantly different between men and women. The current study showed that the most of participants were adolescence. In other words, they married below 20 and 25 in women and men respectively, therefore they could ignore more responsibility that must accompanied with marriage. Reports of statistical office in Iran also showed that, most of divorce, had taken below age 20 and 25 years in women and men respectively.
Numerous studies indicated that, the younger the age of marriage, the higher the probability that a marriage terminate in separation or divorce Cherlin, Marriage in younger ages and not having any familiarity before marriage, could aggravated problems between couples.
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If men and women to get marry in younger ages, they have not obtained and have not learned life skills and responsibilities in life, therefore most of divorce had taken in the first years of marriage Cherlin, Although the mean age of marriage in Iran had increased, but couples have not acquired skills of life before marriage. Contrary to the common believes, the prevalence of divorce was less in high educated people compared to low educated couples.
Similar results have been documented in other studies Lyngstad, In our study, participants with high educational level, showed higher score of interference of spouse family, dependency, cultural difference and sexual problems compared with lower educational level couples. In view of women, sexual problems, age difference, and infertility were not main cause of divorce. In view point of men infertility was not important factor for divorce. Our finding was opposite to other Islamic countries that infertility is considered a legitimate reason for divorce especially if the woman is infertile El-saadani, Our study suffered from limitations.
The study was conducted in a small city km far away from capital with middle class culture and we can not generalize the finding to the couples living in either major cities or remote areas like villages. For dignity, sensitivity of issue and privacy reasons participants may not answered correctly and hiding information which may cause bias in data collection and results.
Low educational level or illiteracy of some subjects was another problem during interview or filling questionnaire. The presented study revealed that personal characteristics and socio-cultural factors such as wrong selection, unmet emotional needs, interference of families, high connection to families are more important than traditional factors sexual or physical. This study has one important message for policy makers in divorce and families that for consistency of life, couples need to realize each other in all aspect of life, and that the authorities must create such environment.
The authors wish to acknowledge the efforts of both Fatemeh Charmforosh and Fereydone Parvinian for help to do this project. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Glob J Health Sci. Published online Aug Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Tel: E-mail: moc. Received Jan 17; Accepted Jan This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted among women and men subjects who requested for divorce and were referred to divorce and marriage office of Qazvin province during 3 month in Results: The participants of the study included women Keywords: divorce cause, marriage, Iran.
Introduction Family is the basic and essential unit of life that gives safety and comfort to their members. Results In this study women and men participated. Men Women P Job 0. Open in a separate window. Table 4 The mean score of common cause of divorce between men and women. Table 5 Ranking of the most important 10 cause of divorce in men and women. College Men Women Dependence to his or her family 1 8 Unmet emotional needs Feeling less 2 2 Primary wrong selection of spouse 3 1 interference of spouse family 4 9 Un-responsibility 5 3 Unethical behavior 6 6 Fiery temper anger 7 4 Loss of sense 8 5 Suspicious 9 - dependency 10 7 Cultural difference - Discussion The aim of the current study was to identify the divorce cause among the divorce seeking men and women in Qazvin, Iran.
Conclusion The presented study revealed that personal characteristics and socio-cultural factors such as wrong selection, unmet emotional needs, interference of families, high connection to families are more important than traditional factors sexual or physical. Acknowledgements The authors wish to acknowledge the efforts of both Fatemeh Charmforosh and Fereydone Parvinian for help to do this project. References Aghajanian A. Some notes on divorce in Iran. Journal of marriage and the family. Family and Family Change in Iran. Department of Sociology. Attitudes toward marriage, fertility, and labor market participation among adolescents in Iran.
The consequences of divorce for adults and children. The impact of divorce an men and women in India and U. Journal of comparative family studies. L, Connel D. Divorce Dods: Sheltering the myths. New York Putman. V, Dunlan G. S, Houser R. Wife or froe, women do worse: A comparison of men and women in the US and Germany after marital dissolution. The effect of children on martial dissolution. Divorce situation and cause in divorce seeking people in Dolatabad in Persian Journal of social welfare.
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Temporary marriage: an Islamic discourse on female sexuality in Iran. In: M Afkhami, E Fiedl. New York: I. Tauris Publishers; Estimation of a collective model of labor supply with female nonparticipation. Many studies have found that those who live together before marriage have a considerably higher chance of divorcing. In part, the type of people who are willing to co-habit may also be the same types who are more willing to divorce.
There is the attitude that relationships are temporary and easily can be ended. They say that these problems are not long lasting and also the children recover relatively quickly. In reality, divorce increases the risk of interpersonal problems in children. In fact, they may even become worse in adulthood. Many studies have shown that the most stressful time in a marriage is after the first child is born. Couples who have a child together have a slightly decreased risk of divorce compared to couples without children.
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But the decreased risk is far less than it used to be. This dramatic inequity was later found to be based on a faulty calculation. The gender gap is real and seems not to have narrowed much in recent decades. A recent large-scale, long-term study suggests otherwise. They examined the negative impacts on children more closely.
The study discovered that it was only the children in very high conflict homes who benefited from the conflict removal that divorce may bring as compared to lower-conflict marriages that end in divorce. And the study found that perhaps as many as two thirds of the divorces were of this type. The situation of the children was made much worse following a divorce. But marriages of the children of divorce actually have a much higher rate of divorce than the marriages of children from intact families.
A major reason for this, is that children learn about marital commitment by observing their parents. The sense of commitment to a lifelong marriage has been undermined in the children of divorce. The evidence suggests that stepfamilies are no improvement over single-parent families. Stepfamilies tend to have their own set of problems. They include interpersonal conflicts with new parent figures and a very high risk of family breakup.
All marriages have their ups and downs. Women initiate two-thirds of all divorces. One recent study found that many of the reasons for this have to do with the nature of our divorce laws. For example, in most states women have a good chance of receiving custody of their children.
In states where there is shared custody with the husband the percentage of women who initiate divorces is much lower. Norton and Louisa F. Cherlin, P. Who Does Not? Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, Waite, cited in Linda J.